|Scanning electron micrograph of a mite|
Mites are very small arachnids with eight legs, abundant and colonizers from all parts of the Earth. Some mites are very harmful, as they are parasites and pests of crops, in addition to causing allergies with their corpses and excrement. Among them are Sarcoptes scabiei is the itch mite, a mite that digs tunnels in the skin causing intense itching, and ixodids or ticks, which feed on the blood of mammals.
In the world of arthropods, insects are the great triumphers, in quantity and diversity. Within the anuplura, lice and crab louses, they have importance for the human species, the head louse and the body louse, that belong to the species Pediculus humanus, but they are two distinct subspecies, and the crab louse (Pthirus pubis), that not only affect the pubic areas, but can also affect the hair, eyebrows and body hair.
|Cimex lectularius, bed bug|
The genus Triatoma belong to blood-sucking insects that can transmit diseases, such as Chagas disease, caused by protozoa Trypanosoma cruzi.
Siphonapters are fleas, small insects without wings, which feed on the blood of mammals. Its body is small and resistant, can withstand the pressure of the human fingers in the scratching. They can transmit diseases. The flea of the rat caused the Black Death in medieval Europe, which killed 1 in 3 Europeans.
Diptera, an order of insects to which flies and mosquitoes belong, has numerous parasites and disease transmitters. One of its most terrible consequences in humans and livestock is myiasis, destruction of living tissue by infection and feeding of larvae.
|Myiasis in a cat|
Muscidae is another family of Diptera, among which is the common fly, which is not chopping or hematophagous, but can transmit numerous diseases. Stomoxys calcitrans, the stable fly, mainly attacks cattle, but can also attack any warm-blooded species. In addition to the economic damages it causes, it is a vector of numerous diseases. The genus Glossina belongs to the tse-tse fly that transmits the soil disease or trypanosomiasis, caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma. Sarcophaga carnaria and Wohlfahrtia magnifica cause myiasis that affect mainly cattle, although they can affect the human species.
Culicidae is another family of Diptera, popularly known as mosquitoes. Females suck blood and can transmit disease. Among them is Anopheles, an endemic vector of malaria.
1. Arthropods. General Characteristics and Classification. Health importance of the arthropods
- Reading: Wikipedia. Arthropod
- Reading: D.J. Lewis. Arthropod Vectors of Public Health Importance (pdf)
2. Acari. Sarcoptes scabiei. Ixodidae
- Reading: Wikipedia. Acari
- Reading: Wikipedia. Sarcoptes scabiei
- Reading: Wikipedia. Tick
- Video: Icsp94. Scabies mite
- Video: Pet Health Network. Tick Lifecycle
3. Insects. Anoplura: Pediculus humanus and Pthirus pubis
- Reading: Wikipedia. Insect (Morphology and physiology, Reproduction and development, Senses and communication, Relationship to humans, etc.)
- Reading: Wikipedia. Head louse
- Reading: Wikipedia. Body louse
- Reading: Wikipedia. Crab louse
- Video: National Geographic. Secret Life of Head Lice
- Video: dranujsing123. Pthirus pubis [Crab louse or Pubic louse]
4. Hemiptera. Cimex lectularius. Triatoma. Siphonaptera
- Reading: Wikipedia. Hemiptera
- Reading: Wikipedia. Bed bug
- Reading: Wikipedia. Triatoma
- Reading: Wikipedia. Flea
- Reading: Wikipedia. Human flea
- Video: BBCWorldwide. A Bedbug's Bite - Up Close! - Bang Goes the Theory
- Video: AnimalCareTV. Understanding Flea and Tick Control
5. Diptera. Tabanidae. Muscidae. Stomoxys calcitrans. Glossina. Calliphoridae. Sarcophagidae. Sarcophaga carnaria. Wohlfahrtia magnifica. Culicidae
- Reading: Wikipedia. Fly
- Reading: Wikipedia. Myasis
- Reading: Wikipedia. Horse-fly
- Reading: Wikipedia. Tabanus
- Reading: Wikipedia. Muscidae
- Reading: Wikipedia. Housefly
- Reading: Wikipedia. Stable fly
- Reading: Wikipedia. Tsetse fly
- Reading: Wikipedia. Calliphoridae
- Reading: Wikipedia. Flesh fly
- Reading: Wikipedia. Sarcophaga
- Reading: Wikipedia. Wohlfahrtia magnifica
- Reading: Wikipedia. Mosquito
- Video: Wildlife & Tribes. The most dangerous mosquitoes and Parasites Eating Us Alive
- Video: Wellcome Library. The life cycle of the tsetse fly
Identification of arthropod parasites. Virtual Lab
Spanish version of this page